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Catalog Number 2013.03.01
Object Name Mural
Description It is painted with acrylic on a board mounted on the wall. On the left there is a map of nine states painted yellow with a star painted off-yellow. Behind the Texas Rangers star is a Comanche war club with three arrows in a cross. Below on the outline of Texas are nine peyote buttons on the border with Mexico. Below the map of the states is a landscape of a red sky with a yellow sun and a orange horizon with black mountains and brown dirt. In the foreground are red sands in the ground and bones of a conquistidor. Above the bones is a Native American riding a black and white spotted horse. The Native American is wearing an elk headdress with a choker and breast plate. Around his waist is a red loincloth. He is wearing buckskin leggings. Next to the horsemen are three tipis painted black and red on dirt ground with patches of white. Next to the tipis is a silhouette of a Native American woman holding hands with a child that is holding a doll in the other hand. Behind them is a large picture of a woman looking up with her eyes closed she has a feather sticking up from behind her head. Her lips and cheeks are red. She is wearing silver earrings and three silver lines on her neck. She is wrapped in a yellow blanket. Above the painting is blue sky with buffalo-shaped clouds outlines. In the sky is a Native American riding on a brown horse with his bow drawn, next to a buffalo. Behind the buffalo head is a side profile of a brown eagle head. Next to the eagle's head is a Native American with his hands raised upward. On the left side he is dressed in Native regalia and on the right he is wearing a graduation robe and holding a diploma.
Date 2004
Artist Burgess, Quanah Parker
Collection Comanche Nation College
Search Terms Q
Comanche
Quanah Parker Burgess
Mural
Texas
Shoshone
College
Eagle
Title Comanche Nation- Lords of the Plains
Height (in) 92
Width (in) 188.5
Medium Acrylic Paint
Received as Purchase
Notes "COMANCHE NATION-LORDS OF THE PLAINS"
Mural Description

NU-MU-NU (THE WORD COMANCHES CALL THEMSELVES MEANING- THE PEOPLE OR SUPREME HUMAN BEINGS)

The Comanche and Shoshone were once one tribe until the Comanche's obtained horses and split off in the 1600's. They rode down from the mountains of present southwest Wyoming to the Great Plains Region.

Around the beginning of the 18th century, the Comanches began moving southward, wanting to get closer to the Spanish settlements of northern New Mexico and their herds of horses. Not only did they more provide horses but the Southern Plains were swarming with buffalo, elk, antelope, deer, and other wild game. This explains the scene of the buffalo hunt, which was the main source of life for the Comanche people. The purpose of the mapped region in the painting is to show where the tribe came from and what region they would shape to be known as the "Comancheria". This name was given to the land by the Spaniards who the Comanche had relations with for several centuries. At the bottom left corner reveals a Comanche warrior armed and ready for battle willing to protect and die for his freedom, family, culture, and nation. The badge of the Texas Rangers meshed with the war club and arrows reminds the viewer of the longest ongoing war in United States history between the Texans and the Comanches, lasting more then forty years.

At the bottom middle reveals a mother and her children enjoying time spent together. This shows the close relationships that Comanches keep between family members. Comanches were possibly the most nomadic tribe and tipis made it convenient to move around on the plains. A specific symbol in the mural is the golden eagle, the messenger of prayers to the great spirit. To the people it is the golden eagle who is considered most sacred and even more so than the bald eagle for the fact that they do not eat their young! Therefore, Comanches only use these feathers for regalia and religious purposes.

In the top right corner shows a graduate reaching for the stars. Today, the modern Comanche has joined professions and trades to work alongside mainstream Americans. The Comanche Nation is also among the most educated tribes in north America, with more graduates every year from high school, vocational schools, and colleges than any other tribe per capita. With our own tribal college and casinos the future remains bright and unlimited. We, the "NU-MU-NU" are still here, thriving and maintaining our cultural identity, as Comanches-Lords of the Plains.